Erik Larson’s bestseller, In the Garden of Beasts, begins in June of 1933 when Franklin Roosevelt appoints William E. Dodd, a 64-year-old history professor at the University of Chicago, to become ambassador to Germany. Dodd’s political and diplomatic skills are minimal, but he accurately reports back to the state department what is happening and he is routinely ignored. Dodd had no delusions about Hitler but did hope to find some decent people around him. Instead, he discovered that the whole gang was nothing but “a horde of criminals and cowards.”
Although war did not break out until Germany invaded Poland in 1939, between 1933-1939 there were numerous opportunities to stop Hitler. In October of 1933 he announced that Germany would pull out of the League of Nations and effectively nullify the Treaty of Versailles, which had ended World War I. That meant that Germany would rearm. France, Poland and Czechoslovakia could easily have overwhelmed the small German army at that time, but failed to take action. As priests and others who disagreed were hauled off to concentration camps, no outcry came from those with influence. When internal bickering in the Nazi Party led to assassinations, fear and tension within Germany, President Hindenburg threatened to take over the government through martial law, but he failed to follow through and allowed Hitler to proceed. Hitler knew he could have been stopped along the way, and was gleeful at the weakness of his adversaries, both foreign and domestic.
Tragic consequences resulted from the failure to stand up against those who created laws to discriminate against Jews, homosexuals and the mentally ill, as well as political adversaries. In Germany, when some people eventually wanted to stand up and object, it was too late. In the United States, there is no fear of a concentration camp or imprisonment if we object against discrimination and unbalanced legislation, yet we fail to act. What is stopping us?
Mickey Mantle's father never lived to see his son's incredible career in baseball.
In The Last Boy: Mickey Mantle and the End of America’s Childhood by Jane Leavy, the author goes into great detail about Mickey’s father, Mutt Mantle, who worked in a lead mine in Commerce, Oklahoma in the 1930s and 40s. Silicosis (a fibrosis of the lung caused by rock dust) was the feared disease of this type of employment. If an x-ray came back positive the employee was fired the same day and could never be hired by another mine.
“When they get sick and can’t work, we throw them in the dump heap.”
An agent for the employer was quoted as saying, “When they get sick and can’t work, we throw them in the dump heap.”
Mutt refused to go to a doctor until it was too late. He died at the age of 40 in 1952, just one year after his son became a Major League player.
Mantle’s father never lived to see his tremendous success as one of the best baseball players of all time.
The mine was closed in 1970. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed this job site as the most toxic waste site Continue reading
Have conditions really improved for workers since the deadly 1911 Triangle Waist Co. fire?
One hundred and forty six garment workers died on March 26, 1911 in a fire that was New York’s deadliest workplace disaster until the attack on the World Trade Center 100 years later. Fire doors were locked. Trapped workers either jumped to their deaths from the 9th and 10th floors, or were consumed by the flames of the Asch Building (renamed the Brown Building and now owned by New York University) at Washington Place and Greene St. near Greenwich Village. Over 20,000 people walked in the funeral procession to honor those workers who lost their lives, many of them young immigrant women who barely spoke English.
Over the last 100 years, although workplace safety regulations were created to prevent such disasters, they still occur.
In the book Triangle: The Fire That Changed America. (Grove Press, 2003) by David Von Drehle, the horrific workplace conditions of 1911 were described on page 3:
…the 146 deaths at the Triangle Waist Company were sensational, but they were not unusual. Death was an almost routine workplace hazard in those days. By one estimate, one hundred or more Americans died on the job every day in the booming industrial years around 1911. Mines collapsed on them, ships sank under them, pots of molten steel spilled over their heads, locomotives smashed into them, exposed machinery grabbed them by the arm or leg or hair and pulled them in… workplace safety was scarcely regulated, and workers’ compensation was considered newfangled or even socialist.
Over the last 100 years, although workplace safety regulations were created to prevent such disasters, they still occur. Continue reading
Theodore Rex by Edmund Morris
On September 14, 1901 at 2:15 a.m.President William McKinley took his last breath and became the second President since Lincoln to die from an assassin’s bullet. To the horror of many New York politicians, Theodore Roosevelt, the former activist governor of New York who had been shuffled into the vice-presidency to keep him from further meddling in New York politics, became President.
The book, Confessions of a Union Buster, gives us insight into the active national agenda of Corporate American to redesign the nation’s workers’ compensation system through a conspiracy employing the use of smoke and mirrors.
Martin Jay Levitt, who performed despicable acts as an employer-sponsored union buster for over 20 years, has written a book detailing his activities. In an effort to cleanse his soul, Levitt has written candidly, admits that it was a “dirty business,” Continue reading