The South Carolina Supreme Court found that an exotic dancer was an “Independent Contractor,” not an employee.
Today’s post comes from guest author Tom Domer from The Domer Law Firm.
What a wacky week in the world of worker’s compensation.
We found that a stripper who was seriously injured by a bullet fired at the club where she was working was not entitled to worker’s compensation benefits because the South Carolina Supreme Court found she was not an employee, but rather a “Independent Contractor.” She had serious intestinal, liver, pancreas, kidney, and uterus injuries, and had her kidney removed – which rendered her unemployable as an exotic dancer. She claimed she was an employee because the club controlled her activities, including telling her when to dance, what music to dance to, and required her to strive to get VIP dances.
In Wisconsin, an employer’s inclination to mis-categorize an employee as an “Independent Contractor” can be tempting: avoidance of payment of worker’s or unemployment compensation premiums, payroll and Social Security taxes, and other employee benefits.
The Court of Appeals disagreed, indicating she decided the manner in which she performed her dances to satisfy the Boom Boom Room Club customers. In Wisconsin, an employer’s inclination to mis-categorize an employee as an “Independent Contractor” can be tempting: avoidance of payment of worker’s or unemployment compensation premiums, payroll and Social Security taxes, and other employee benefits. For many years the Courts and the Commission wrestled with the legal distinction between Independent Contractors and employees. Workers who maintained a separate business and held themselves out to render service to the public were Independent Contractors, if not employers themselves; all other workers were employees.
The legislature clarified the test for determining Independent Contractors status, indicating an Independent Contractor must maintain a separate business with his or her own office equipment, materials and other facilities, and hold or apply for a Federal Employer Identification Number. Seven other specific criteria apply. Any single criterion that rules out many Independent Contractors like the absence of a Federal I.D. Number or filing self-employment tax returns makes alleged “Independent Contractors” employees and covered under worker’s compensation in Wisconsin. Many employers including trucking companies, temporary help agencies, and up to and including exotic dancers are asked to sign Independent Contractor contracts when in fact they really are employees under worker’s compensation.